Roux, Jacques


Roux, Jacques
(1752-1794)
   revolutionary
   Born in Pransac, Charente, Jacques Roux was ordained a priest after studies in the seminary at Angoulême, where he later taught. During the revolution of 1789, he greeted the taking of the bastille (July 14, 1789) as the end of "despotism" and, after 1790, seems to have leaned toward socialistic views, preaching equal distribution of property. He was, no doubt, responsible for the peasant uprising in Saint-Thomas-de-Conac (Charente). Having taken the oath to the civil constitution of the clergy, he was named vicar of Saint-Nicolas-des-Champs in Paris and quickly became known as the "sans-culotte priest," the moving spirit of the Gravilliers, and the leader of the enragé movement. After taking part in the Revolutionary Day of August 10, 1792, which marked the fall of the monarchy following the insurrection of August 9, and mistrusting the Conventional, Roux preferred an economic and social struggle and proclaimed a veritable "economic terrorism." On June 25, 1793, he gave before the Convention a speech known as the "Manifesto of the Enragés," which criticized the apathy of the public authorities and advocated quick and severe measures against speculators and monopolists. The speech brought violent reactions from the montagnard deputies. Attacked by the jacobins and the cordeliers (the Hébertists, however, adopted his program), he was equally criticized by JEAN-paul marat. Arrested on the orders of the Commune on August 22, 1793, then released on August 27, he was again imprisoned at Bicêtre, where he stabbed himself to death upon learning of his sentence by the Revolutionary Tribunal.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Roux, Jacques — ▪ French priest died January 20, 1794, near Paris, France       French priest who became the leader of the democratic extremists known as the Enragés (Enragé) (literally “Madmen”) during the French Revolution.       At the outbreak of the… …   Universalium

  • Roux (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un Roux (/ˈruː/) es una mezcla de harina y grasa empleada para espesar salsas. Roux en francés es un color anaranjado rojizo. Por extensión, se puede referir al pelo de esa tonalidad o a los individuos que lo llevan …   Wikipedia Español

  • ROUX (J.) — ROUX JACQUES (1752 1794) Né dans une famille bourgeoise, Jacques Roux devient professeur au séminaire d’Angoulême, puis curé dans le diocèse de Saintes. Il adhère d’enthousiasme à la Révolution, mais il est frappé d’interdit puis révoqué sous… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacques Roux — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Roux (homonymie). Jacques Roux, né le 21 août 1752 à Pranzac, il se suicide le 10 février 1794 dans la prison de Bicêtre, est une personnalité de la Révolution française, pionnier du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Goorma — (né le 2 août 1950 à Bruxelles) est un poète belge. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Bibliographie 2.1 Poésie 2.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Jacques Roux — (21 August 1752 ndash; 10 February1794) was the radical leader of the Enragés faction during the French Revolution. He was one of the first priests to accept the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. His radicalism and his surname caused him to be… …   Wikipedia

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  • Jacques Roux — (* 21. August 1752 in Pranzac; † 10. Februar 1794 in Bicêtre) war ein französischer Priester und Revolutionär. Roux war Mitglied der Jakobiner und gründete 1792 die Enragés, eine linksradikale Splittergruppe der Jakobiner, deren Ziele über die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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